<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>The Niti Aayog has made a few suggestions that need to be immediately implemented in the next three years to bring about much needed critical reforms in the Indian judicial system.The planning commission, in its new avatar, has referred to suggestions made by the 255th Law Commission report which has suggested sweeping reforms in the Civil Code of Procedure and the Criminal Code of Procedure to acknowledge the changing times and to expand the scope of forensic science evidence to recognise its strength in the criminal justice delivery system.The Niti Aayog has also suggested introducing a ‘judicial performance index’ to check delay in trial and address the issue of pendency of cases. According to its draft three-year action agenda (for 2017-18 to 2019-20), India ranks 172 out of 190 in the area of enforcing contracts in the World Bank’s ease of doing business report 2017 with an average time of nearly four years required for enforcement.Since 2000, 81.8 per cent of the cases have taken more than five years to be disposed of, while, 57 per cent took more than 10 years in district and lower courts. In four higher courts where sufficient data was available, 87 per cent cases took 10-15 years to be disposed of, and only 5 per cent of the cases were cleared in less than five years. Comparatively, in the US, median time from filing to disposal took 7-8 months for criminal and civil cases respectively (in 2015).IN LABOUR SECTORNiti Aayog has pressed for ‘substantive’ reforms in labour laws to take the country out of the current low-productivity and low-wage jobs situation.
It said that unifying the existing large number of labour laws into four codes without reforming them will serve little purpose.
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